Gum disease is a common phenomenon among Canadians. According to the Canadian Dental Association, "Seven out of 10 Canadians will face gum disease at some point in their life. Gum disease is the most common problem adults face, but gum disease can begin at just about any age..". It is something that develops slowly and most people notice the severity of the condition at an advanced stage. They then stand a huge risk of losing their teeth. The bacteria causing gum disease attacks the gum tissue, damaging it and causing teeth loss.
Let us take a look at some of the common gum diseases, their early signs and causes.
If you experience red, swollen and bleed gums, then you might be suffering from gingivitis. It is the mildest form of gum disease. At this stage, there is no pain or discomfort due to which most of us ignore these symptoms. It is imperative that you visit the dentist as and when you notice these early signs of gum disease. With proper dental treatment and oral hygiene, you can reverse the effects of gingivitis.
2) Chronic Periodontal Disease
This is an extension of gum disease. Chronic Periodontitis is a severe gum disease where the tooth’s attachment is destroyed. The symptoms include redness, swelling, bleedings, pockets deeper than 5 mm, bone destruction, and space between teeth. You can prevent chronic periodontal disease by treating the early signs of gingivitis.
3) Period-endo Lesion
This is another form of periodontal disease. The dental pulp, nerves, and blood vessels are all attached and linked to the tissues surrounding the tooth. Sometimes an infection of the root of the tooth can advance to the gingiva. This can happen the other way round as well. Therefore, it becomes necessary to opt for dual treatment – endodontic treatment and periodontal treatment.
4) Necrotizing Periodontal Disease
This is a rare condition is seen mostly among HIV patients, immunosuppression patients, people affected by malnutrition, chronic stress, and chain smokers. Necrosis refers to tissue death and affects the periodontal ligament, gingival tissues, and alveolar bone.
5) Gingival Recession
Quite often periodontitis, aggressive brushing leads to the neck of the tooth getting exposed. This means the gingival tissue has receded. This makes the tooth look elongated and aesthetically unappealing. A visit to your Edmonton emergency dentist can help you get rid of this issue.
If you have been suffering from any of the above gum diseases, then you can consider visiting an Emergency Dentist at our clinic. We have an expert team of dentists out if which some are specialized in periodontics.