What is a Cavity?
A cavity is a hole in the tooth caused by acid that wears the enamel of the tooth. The acid is usually produced by plaque bacteria that feed on sugars and food particles in your mouth.
If the cavity is left untreated, it can grow larger and deeper. It can destroy teeth, causing tooth abscesses that can be very painful and can even be life-threatening in case the infection enters your bloodstream.
What are the Major Causes of Cavity?
Cavities usually occur when plaque bacteria are left to feed and it keeps on multiplying on your teeth. During the process of feeding, bacteria create an acid that erodes the enamel of the tooth that is a protective surface. Regularly brushing and flossing can prevent cavities. But, without regular oral hygiene and care, you are at a risk of more enamel erosion and formation of cavities in your teeth.
What are the Symptoms of a Cavity? Tooth Sensitivity:
Feeling a sensation in teeth from hot and cold drinks can be a sign of a cavity. When the enamel of the tooth wears down, dentin, a layer below it gets exposed causing a cavity.
One of the most common symptoms of a cavity is a toothache. It stems from a cavity and may occur from the pressure of biting the food down or eating a certain kind of food item. Toothaches can be sudden or can prolong for a long time.
Visible Pits or Holes in Teeth:
Cavities are holes in your teeth. If you notice pits or holes in your teeth, it is a sure sign of a cavity. Sometimes, they are not visible as they happen in between the teeth, instead on the top or side of it. If you notice any such issue, it is recommended to visit your dentist at the earliest.
Sensitivity to Drinks and Sweet Food:
Feeling sensation whilst having sweet food or drinks is very common if you have a cavity. It is also an alarm that a cavity is starting. Sensitivity to sugary food and hot and cold drinks signals that the tooth enamel is worn down and the dentin is exposed.
Pain while Eating:
If you experience pain while biting down or chewing food, it is an indicator of a cavity. If the pain is excruciating, it could be a sign that the inner tissue called tooth pulp is inflamed.
Staining on Teeth:
Staining on the surface of teeth signals that the cavity is on its way. Cavity stain may appear as a white spot initially and then becomes darker as it progresses. It can vary from black, brown or white color stains.
What are the Ways to Prevent Cavities?
- Floss Frequently
- Brush your teeth regularly and appropriately
- Avoid acidic and sugary food and drinks
- Go for regular dental checkups
Emergency Dental Care Clinic’s across Canada is at your dedicated service to take care of your cavities and any other dental related issues.